Svalbard Arkipelet ('Cold Coast')
7650-8080N : 10-34E [8500-8978N : 1100-3800E] (*32)
Four main islands and about 150 lesser ones
Area 62 800 km2, 60% glacierized
Highest elevation 1717 m
Possibly sighted 1194
Discovered 1596 by a Dutch whaling voyage
(Jacob Heemskerck)
First wintering 1630
Permanent mining
settlement established
1906
Currently three mining settlements operate, four scientific stations operate
Norwegian territory, Svalbard; under the Spitsbergen Treaty of 1920
   

 

Bjrnya (Bear Island)
7460N : 19E [8289N : 2111E] (*329) One isolated island
Area 178 km2, Unglacierized
Highest elevation 536 m
Possibly sighted  
Discovered 1596 by a Dutch whaling voyage (Jacob Heemskerck)
First wintering 1823-24
Permanent mining
settlement established
 
Meteorological station, established 1923, operates
Norwegian territory, Svalbard; under the Spitsbergen Treaty of 1920